Translations:ENDS Cardiovascular System/14/en

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(Jacob George, MD, Muhammad Hussain, MSc, Thenmalar Vadiveloo, PhD, Sheila Ireland, BSc, Pippa Hopkinson, BSc, Allan D.Struthers, MD, Peter T. Donnan, PhD, Faisel Khan, PhD, Chim C.Lang, MD E-cigarette (EC) use is increasing exponentially worldwide. The early cardiovascular effects of switching from tobacco cigarettes (TC) to EC in chronic smokers is unknown. Meta-analysis of flow-mediated dilation (FMD) studies indicate 13% lower pooled, adjusted relative risks of cardiovascular events with every 1% improvement in FMD.