Stanton Glantz

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2009: Anti-smoking crusader Stanton Glantz, Eng '69

1996: CRUSADER

About

Stanton Arnold Glantz (born 1946) was an American professor, author, and leading tobacco control activist. Glantz was Professor of Medicine in the Division of Cardiology, the wikipedia:American Legacy Foundation Distinguished Professor of Tobacco Control, and director of the wikipedia:Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education at the wikipedia:University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) School of Medicine.[1] Glantz's research focuses on the wikipedia:health effects of tobacco smoking.

Described as the "wikipedia:Ralph Nader of the anti-tobacco movement,"[2][3] Glantz is an wikipedia:activist for nonsmokers' rights and an advocate of wikipedia:public health policies to reduce smoking. He is the author of four books, including wikipedia:The Cigarette Papers[4] and Primer of Biostatistics.[5] Glantz is also a member of the UCSF Cardiovascular Research Institute and Institute for Health Policy Studies,[6] and co-leader of the UCSF Comprehensive Cancer Center Tobacco Program. He was elected to the wikipedia:Institute of Medicine in 2005.

In 2017, Glantz was sued by a former wikipedia:postdoctoral researcher for alleged wikipedia:sexual harassment and retaliation. While UCSF internally found that Glantz had "more likely than not" engaged in harassment and had violated the faculty code of conduct,[7] Glantz and UCSF publicly denied the allegations and settled the lawsuit for $150,000.[8] In 2018, a second former employee sued Glantz for harassment; Glantz and UCSF denied these allegations as well.[9]

Life and career

Glantz was the first of two children born in wikipedia:Cleveland, Ohio to Louis Glantz, an insurance salesman, and Frieda, a real estate broker. As a youth, Glantz took a great interest in the wikipedia:Soviet Union's wikipedia:Sputnik 1 satellite.[10] He was a member of the wikipedia:Boy Scouts of America, where he achieved the top rank of Eagle Scout, and earned a Bronze Palm for further achievements.[11]

Glantz obtained a B.Sc. in wikipedia:aerospace engineering from the wikipedia:University of Cincinnati in 1969, an M.Sc. in wikipedia:applied mechanics from wikipedia:Stanford University in 1970, and in 1973, a Ph.D. from Stanford in applied mechanics (concentrating on the mechanics of the human heart) and engineering-economic systems (EES is a Stanford department created in the late 1960s, integrating computers and engineering in "methods of systems and economic analysis to engineering problems involving policy and decision making, both in government and industry").[12] Concurrently with his studies, he worked at wikipedia:NASA's Manned Spacecraft Center, first as a student trainee, then as an aerospace engineer. In 1973, Glantz carried out postdoctoral research on the mathematical modeling of heart tissue at Stanford, and then at the UCSF, where he has worked since 1977.[11][13]

He served for 10 years as an Associate Editor of the wikipedia:Journal of the American College of Cardiology and is a member of the California State Scientific Review Panel on Toxic Air Contaminants of the wikipedia:California Air Resources Board. He is married to Marsha, a home-care nurse, and the father of journalist wikipedia:Aaron Glantz and daughter Frieda Glantz.[10] In 2005, he was elected to the prestigious wikipedia:Institute of Medicine.[14] Known for being blunt and abrasive, Glantz embraces his public image and controversial positions on smoking, on occasion wearing a "Here Comes Trouble" T-shirt.[2][15]

Research

Glantz conducted research on a wide range of issues including the effects of wikipedia:secondhand smoke on the heart by studying reductions in heart attacks observed when smoke-free policies are enacted, and how the tobacco industry fights wikipedia:tobacco control programs. His research on the effects of secondhand smoke on blood and blood vessels concludes that, in terms of heart disease, the effects of secondhand smoke are nearly as large as those of smoking.[16] One such study demonstrated a large and rapid reduction in the number of people admitted to the hospital with heart attacks in wikipedia:Helena, Montana,[17] after that community made all workplaces and public places smokefree.

Glantz is author or coauthor of numerous publications related to secondhand smoke and tobacco control, as well as many papers on cardiovascular function and biostatistics. He published the first study linking e-cigarettes to heart attacks in people.[18] He has written several books, including the widely used Primer of Biostatistics (which has been translated into Japanese, French, Russian, German, Italian, Japanese and Spanish), and Primer of Applied Regression and Analysis of Variance. In total, he is the author of 4 books and over 400 scientific papers, including the first major review (published in Circulation) which identified secondhand smoke as a cause of heart disease and the landmark 1995 wikipedia:Journal of the American Medical Association summary of the wikipedia:Brown & Williamson documents, which showed that the tobacco industry knew nicotine was addictive and that smoking caused cancer 30 years ago.[19] This publication was followed up with his book, The Cigarette Papers,[4] which has played a key role in the ongoing litigation surrounding the tobacco industry. His book Tobacco Wars: Inside the California Battles[20] chronicles the last quarter century of activism against the tobacco industry in California.

Working with the UCSF Library, Glantz helped in making over 90 million pages of previously secret tobacco industry documents available via the internet on the UCSF wikipedia:Truth Tobacco Industry Documents, formerly known as the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library.[21] In February 2013, a paper co-authored by Glantz was published in the journal Tobacco Control. Entitled "‘To quarterback behind the scenes, third-party efforts’: the tobacco industry and the Tea Party", the paper detailed how the Tea Party political movement was funded and organized by organizations which were created by tobacco companies.[22]

In March 2014 Glantz released a study concluding that "e-cigarette use is aggravating rather than ameliorating the tobacco epidemic among youths."[23] Thomas J. Glynn, a researcher at the wikipedia:American Cancer Society, responded that "The data in this study do not allow many of the broad conclusions that it draws"[24] In 2018, the National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine reviewed all the available evidence on e-cigarettes and youth and concluded that “there is substantial evidence that e-cigarette use increases risk of ever using combustible cigarettes among youth and young adults."[25]

Activism

Glantz has been a leading researcher and activist in the nonsmokers' rights movement since 1978, when he helped lead an unsuccessful state initiative campaign to enact a nonsmokers' rights law by popular vote. In 1983, he helped successfully defend the San Francisco Workplace Smoking Ordinance against a tobacco industry-supported attempt to repeal it by referendum.[26] The San Francisco victory represented the first electoral defeat of such a tobacco industry sponsored referendum, and is now viewed as a major turning point in the battle for nonsmokers' rights.[13] He is one of the founders of wikipedia:Americans for Nonsmokers' Rights.

In 1982 he was part of a group of health activists who resurrected the last remaining copy of the film wikipedia:Death in the West, previously suppressed by Philip Morris,[27][28] and developed an accompanying mini-course for fifth to tenth graders that has been used by over one million students.[2][13][29] He helped write and produce the films Secondhand Smoke, which concerns the health effects of involuntary smoking, and 120,000 Lives, which presents evidence that smoking in the movies recruits adolescent smokers and proposes solutions for reducing this effect.[13] He also wrote Tobacco: Biology and Politics[30] for high school students and The Uninvited Guest, a story about secondhand smoke, for second graders.

In May, 1994, Glantz received at his UCSF office two boxes containing 4,000 documents leaked from Brown & Williamson, the third largest US cigarette manufacturer at the time. The material provided the first definitive proof that the tobacco industry had known for 30 years that nicotine was addictive and caused cancer, and had hidden that knowledge from the public. The documents became a landmark in tobacco litigation, medical scholarship, government policy, and corporate control of information.[31][32] With four co-authors, Glantz analyzed the documents and, with extensive excerpts, published the findings as The Cigarette Papers.

Glantz appears in several investigative documentaries: Cigarette Wars (2011), a wikipedia:CNBC examination of how the tobacco industry in America "continues to thrive";[33] and Merchants of Doubt (2014), based on the non-fiction book, wikipedia:Merchants of Doubt, in which the leaked Brown & Williamson tobacco documents play a key role in illustrating tactics created by tobacco companies and copied by others.[34]

Glantz was also an opponent[35] of the wikipedia:Tobacco Master Settlement Agreement (MSA), the "global settlement" of tobacco litigation proposed in 1996, in which the tobacco industry was to be granted de facto immunity from further litigation in exchange for payments to the states and acceptance of regulation by the wikipedia:U.S. Food and Drug Administration.[36] The tobacco industry turned against and defeated this compromise, and defeated legislation introduced in Congress by Senator wikipedia:John McCain (R-AZ), after some public health advocates succeeded in getting the immunity provisions removed. Many of the provisions of the "global settlement"—but not the immunity or FDA provisions—were implemented by the (MSA) between the attorneys general of 46 states and the large tobacco companies. Glantz' analysis of the two agreements concluded that the MSA included most of the desirable provisions of the global settlement without the immunity provisions. In particular, the immunity provisions in the global settlement would have prevented the massive (and successful) federal wikipedia:Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO) lawsuit that the US Department of Justice won against the tobacco industry in 2007. He is now running a website, SmokeFreeMovies, which is working to end depictions of tobacco use in movies.

Harassment allegations

On December 6, 2017, a former postdoctoral researcher in Glantz's department filed a complaint of sexual harassment against him in San Francisco Superior Court, alleging that Glantz subjected her to misogynistic, racially and sexually insensitive behavior from 2015 to 2017.[37][38] The researcher also alleged that, when she complained about the harassment to the university, Glantz retaliated by removing her name from a research paper she had co-authored.[39] Confidential internal UCSF investigations concluded that Glantz had "more likely than not" harassed the former researcher, and that his conduct constituted "hostile work environment sexual harassment".[7][8] UCSF concluded that Glantz had violated the Faculty Code of Conduct, and proposed that he take remedial anti-harassment training and that a letter of censure be placed in his personnel file.[8] In October 2018, UCSF settled the lawsuit against Glantz for $150,000; Glantz and the University of California continue to dispute the allegations.[8]

Recently he stepped down from his position and went into retirement, it is suspected that he may have been pressured, or have had another allegation made by a student, this is speculation, and there is no evidence to prove it.

In 2018, a second former employee filed a sexual-harassment lawsuit against Glantz; the University of California and Glantz denied these allegations as well.[9]


Retirement and Beyond

Watchdog Celebrates Retirement of Taxpayer-Funded Anti-Science Professor

Reactions To His Research

2020 Brad Rodu: Federal Funds Misspent on Anti-Vaping Research

  • References retracted paper in the Journal of the American Heart Association submitted by Bhatta and Glantz.
  • This prohibitionist mission supports thousands of NIH-funded researchers, and cows countless more into silence when they could be producing life-saving harm reduction data and analyses.


2019 Is vaping safer than smoking? Depends who you ask, and what scientific study they point to

  • “Dr. Glantz’s meta-analysis included studies that were not designed to determine the efficacy of e-cigarettes for quitting smoking, including a study that I authored," says clinical psychologist Judith Prochaska, an associate professor in the Department of Medicine at Stanford University.
  • A study in 2017 in the journal Addiction refuted Glantz's findings as well, noting "only a small proportion of studies" published could even address the issue.

Other info

Stan promises to eat his shoe!

Bulk of this info from Wikipedia

  1. ^ Template:Title=Faculty Profiles
  2. ^ a b c {{ | url=https://alumni.stanford.edu/get/page/magazine/article/?article_id=43514 | title=Tilting at Tobacco | publisher=Stanford University | accessdate=16 December 2014 | author=Robinson, Mark}}
  3. ^ {{ |url=https://www.statnews.com/2018/10/16/stanton-glantz-ucsf-sexual-harrassment/%7Ctitle=UCSF settles sexual harassment suit involving star researcher|date=2018-10-16|website=STAT|language=en-US|access-date=2019-01-07}}
  4. ^ a b S. Glantz, et al., "The Cigarette Papers", University of California Press, 1996
  5. ^ S. Glantz, Primer of Biostatistics (6 ed), McGraw-Hill, 2005
  6. ^ {{ |url=http://healthpolicy.ucsf.edu/article/faculty%7Ctitle=Faculty%7Cwork=ucsf.edu%7Curl-status=dead%7Carchiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20140221225251/http://healthpolicy.ucsf.edu/article/faculty%7Carchivedate=2014-02-21}}
  7. ^ a b Template:News
  8. ^ a b c d Template:News
  9. ^ a b Template:News
  10. ^ a b {{ | url=http://www.people.com/people/archive/article/0,,20141324,00.html | title=Battle of the Butts | work=People | date=20 May 1996 | accessdate=19 April 2015 | author=Howe, Rob | url-status=bot: unknown | archiveurl=https://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.people.com%2Fpeople%2Farchive%2Farticle%2F0%2C%2C20141324%2C00.html&date=2015-04-19 | archivedate=19 April 2015 }} ()
  11. ^ a b {{ | url=http://cancer.ucsf.edu/people/profiles/glantz_stanton.3512 | title=Stanton A. Glantz, PhD | publisher=University of California | accessdate=18 December 2014}}
  12. ^ {{ | url=https://web.stanford.edu/dept/MSandE/cgi-bin/about/history.php | title=Our History | publisher=Stanford Engineering (Stanford University) | accessdate=18 December 2014}}
  13. ^ a b c d {{ | url=http://healthpolicy.ucsf.edu/people/stanton-glantz-phd | title=Stanton A. Glantz, PhD | publisher=University of California | accessdate=16 December 2014 | url-status=dead | archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20141216090353/http://healthpolicy.ucsf.edu/people/stanton-glantz-phd | archivedate=16 December 2014 }}
  14. ^ {{ | url=https://tobacco.ucsf.edu/users/sglantz | archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20101204101712/http://tobacco.ucsf.edu/users/sglantz | url-status=dead | archive-date=4 December 2010 | title=Stanton Glantz, PhD | work=University of California, San Francisco | accessdate=19 April 2015 }}
  15. ^ {{ | url=http://magazine.uc.edu/issues/0509/crusader.html | title=Anti-smoking crusader: Stanton Glantz, Eng '69 | publisher=UC Magazine (University of Cincinnati) | accessdate=18 December 2014 | author=Bach, John}}
  16. ^
    Cardiovascular effects of secondhand smoke: nearly as large as smoking.  
    LanguageEnglish
    ISO 4Find out here
  17. ^ {{ | title=The Helena Study (Abstract) | url=http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/abstract/bmj.38055.715683.55v1 | accessdate=2007-05-01}}
  18. ^
    Association Between Electronic Cigarette Use and Myocardial Infarction  
    LanguageEnglish
    ISO 4Find out here
  19. ^
    Looking through a keyhole at the tobacco industry. The Brown and Williamson documents  
    LanguageEnglish
    ISO 4Find out here
  20. ^ S. Glantz and E. Balbach. "Tobacco War: Inside the California Battles", University of California Press, 2000
  21. ^ PBS Frontline, Interview with Stanton Glantz for Smoke in the Eye, 1999.
  22. ^ {{ |url=http://www.huffingtonpost.com/brendan-demelle/study-confirms-tea-party-_b_2663125.html%7Ctitle=Study Confirms Tea Party Was Created by Big Tobacco and Billionaire Koch Brothers|work=The Huffington Post}}
  23. ^ JAMA Pediatrics, 6 March 2014, Electronic Cigarettes and Conventional Cigarette Use Among US Adolescents, retrieved 6 Mar 2014
  24. ^ Sabrina Tavernise, "Young Using E-Cigarettes Smoke Too, Study Finds" New York Times March 6, 2014
  25. ^ {{ |url=http://nationalacademies.org/hmd/reports/2018/public-health-consequences-of-e-cigarettes.aspx%7Ctitle=Public Health Consequences of E-Cigarettes : Health and Medicine Division|website=nationalacademies.org}}
  26. ^ {{ | url=https://www.library.ucsf.edu/archives/tobacco/ | title=Tobacco Control Archives | publisher=University of California, San Francisco | accessdate=6 March 2019}}
  27. ^ {{ |url=https://www.motherjones.com/politics/1996/03/shoot-out-marlboro-country-contd |title=Shoot-Out in Marlboro Country (cont'd) |last1=Hochschild |first1=Adam |date=March 1996 |work=Mother Jones |publisher= |accessdate=June 2, 2013}}
  28. ^ {{ |url=https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=2507&dat=19820511&id=3_A9AAAAIBAJ&pg=4909,1826559 |title='Death in the West' to be resurrected |page=6 |date=May 11, 1982 |work=The Herald (Glasgow) |publisher= |accessdate=June 2, 2014}}
  29. ^ {{ | url=http://tobaccodocuments.org/pm/2024977939-7940.html | title=ree Curriculum Guide and Broadcast of 'death in the West' 000129 and 000131 | publisher=Tobacco Documents Online | accessdate=16 December 2014 | url-status=dead | archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20141216135029/http://tobaccodocuments.org/pm/2024977939-7940.html | archivedate=2014-12-16 }}
  30. ^ S. Glantz, Tobacco: Biology and Politics Archived 2007-03-01 at the Wayback Machine, WRS HealthEdCo
  31. ^
    The Cigarette Papers: Issues in Publishing Materials in Multiple Formats  
    LanguageEnglish
    ISO 4Find out here
    Links
  32. ^ {{ | url=https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/smoke/readings/wienerarticle.html | title=The Cigarette Papers | publisher=PBS | date=1 January 1996 | accessdate=17 December 2014 | author=Wiener, Jon}} This is an authorized reprint of an article that appeared in The Nation in 1994.
  33. ^ {{ | url=https://www.cnbc.com/id/41644550#. | title=Cigarette Wars | publisher=CNBC | accessdate=8 March 2015}}
  34. ^ {{ | url=http://sonyclassics.com/merchantsofdoubt/ | title=Merchants of Doubt | publisher=Sony Pictures Classics | accessdate=8 March 2015}}
  35. ^ PBS Frontline, Interview with Stanton Glantz for Inside the Tobacco Deal, 1997
  36. ^ Brion J. Fox J.D., James M. Lightwood Ph.D., and Stanton A. Glantz Ph.D., "A Public Health Analysis of the Proposed Resolution of [the 1997 United States] Tobacco Litigation" (February 1, 1998). Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education. Tobacco Control Policy Making: United States. Paper US1998. http://repositories.cdlib.org/ctcre/tcpmus/US1998
  37. ^ {{ | publisher = Buzzfeed | date = December 7, 2017 | url = https://www.buzzfeed.com/stephaniemlee/stanton-glantz-sexual-harassment-lawsuit | title = A High-Profile Anti-Tobacco Crusader Is Being Sued For Sexual Harassment}}
  38. ^ Template:News
  39. ^ Template:News
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