Translations:ENDS Toxicity / Carcinogenic/83/en
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- Animal Study
- Standard toxicological endpoints were complemented with systems toxicological analyses using transcriptomics, proteomics, and lipidomics of lung tissue, liver tissue, and serum. Both standard and systems toxicology endpoints demonstrated very limited biological effects of PG/VG aerosol with no signs of toxicity Systems toxicology analyses detected biological effects of nicotine exposure, which included up-regulation of the xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes Cyp1a1 and Fmo3 in the lung and metabolic effects, likely interlinked with a generalized stress response to nicotine present in the exposure aerosols
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- Citation: Blaine Phillips, Bjoern Titz, Ulrike Kogel, Danilal Sharma, Patrice Leroy, Yang Xiang, Grégory Vuillaume, Stefan Lebrun, Davide Sciuscio, Jenny Ho, Catherine Nury, Emmanuel Guedj, Ashraf Elamin, Marco Esposito, Subash Krishnan, Walter K. Schlage, Emilija Veljkovic, Nikolai V. Ivanov, Florian Martin, Manuel C. Peitsch, Julia Hoeng, Patrick Vanscheeuwijck, Toxicity of the main electronic cigarette components, propylene glycol, glycerin, and nicotine, in Sprague-Dawley rats in a 90-day OECD inhalation study complemented by molecular endpoints, Food and Chemical Toxicology, Volume 109, Part 1, 2017, Pages 315-332, ISSN 0278-6915, doi:10.1016/j.fct.2017.09.001.
- Acknowledgements: The work reported in this publication was funded solely by Philip Morris International (PMI). All authors are (or were) employees of PMI R&D or worked for PMI R&D under contractual agreements.