Translations:ENDS Toxicity / Carcinogenic/8/en
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- The results of this study concorded with evidence that complete switching from combustible cigarettes to vapor products may reduce exposure to key carcinogens and other toxicants known to be associated with tobacco-related diseases.
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- Citation: Joanna Jay, BA, Erika L Pfaunmiller, PhD, Norman J Huang, PhD, Gal Cohen, PhD, Donald W Graff, PharmD, Five-Day Changes in Biomarkers of Exposure Among Adult Smokers After Completely Switching From Combustible Cigarettes to a Nicotine-Salt Pod System, Nicotine & Tobacco Research, Volume 22, Issue 8, August 2020, Pages 1285–1293, doi:10.1093/ntr/ntz206
- Acknowledgements: JJ, NJH, GC, and DWG are employees of JUUL Labs, Inc. ELP is an employee of Frontage Labs. ELP and DWG were employed by Celerion Inc. at the time the study was conducted. Celerion is a contract research organization that performs studies on tobacco and nicotine-containing products, sponsored by the pharmaceutical and tobacco industries.
- Keywords: nicotine, smoking, adult, biological markers, tobacco, urine, cigarettes, smokers